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Mangrove Microbes and Postbiotics:

A New Frontier for Restorative Aquaculture

Mangroves are important ecosystems that support biodiversity, carbon sequestration, coastal defence and climate resilience. They also harbor a rich diversity of microbes that have potential applications in medicine and biotechnology. However, most of the mangrove microbial diversity remains unexplored and underutilized.


Mangrove microorganisms have proven to be an important source of medicine, food, feed, enzymes and antimicrobial substances

 (Lin; Maria et al.2005)

Mangrove microbes and their byproducts, known as postbiotics, offer promising opportunities to improve aquaculture. They enhance feed quality by providing beneficial substances that aid in nutrient digestion and absorption for aquatic animals. This leads to healthier, faster-growing organisms and more sustainable aquaculture practices. By promoting beneficial microbial communities, the reliance on antibiotics can be reduced, preventing antibiotic resistance and supporting eco-friendly aquaculture. Exploring the metabolic capabilities of mangrove microbes enables innovative approaches for enhancing the well-being, productivity, and sustainability of aquatic animals in restorative aquaculture.

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In nature, bacteria are incredibly diverse and abundant, with estimates suggesting that there are trillions of individual bacterial cells present in just a single teaspoon of soil. However, it is important to note that only a small fraction of these bacteria, roughly around 1%, can be cultured or grown using traditional laboratory techniques. This phenomenon is known as the "great plate count anomaly" or "less than 1% problem."

Through the Miiiome™ Technology, the mangrove microbiome was studied, characterised and dissected using DNA, molecular and microbiological techniques to select the array of beneficial microbes that will greatly enhance the health and vitality of the fishes and other sea-life.


Figure 1. (a) Number of studies on the gut microbiome using NGS broken down by the genus of fish that the study was conducted on, as well as the environment those fish same from. Asterisk represents salmonid, carp and talapia. (b) The number of studies that assessed the water microbial communities. Gut microbiome studies were compiled using Web of Science [4] and only include studies that implemented NGS


Source: Perry W. B. The Role of the gut microbiome in sustainable teleost aquaculture

The beneficial microbes were cultured, and the good metabolites were enhanced and concentrated into biocrobeX Postbiotic and incorporated into Miiiome™ Aqua Feed pellets.


Miiiome™ Aqua Feed (Fermented) helps to reduce the environmental impacts of aquaculture by supporting sustainability, nutrition, and bioremediation.

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